In our last episode—Episode #4 of Biopic #1 on the life of Abraham—we learned that following a life-altering, covenant-making encounter with God, when challenged by the Silence of God test, Abram failed miserably. Instead of taking God at His Word and waiting for Him to fulfill His promises, he gave into the temptation of trying to solve a spiritual challenge through the use of his own human reasoning and fleshly works. Just as Adam had done when he was tested in the Garden of Eden, Abram forfeited his position of Headship when confronted by the Influence Power of his wife and with equally disastrous results. Here, just as in Adam’s case, we see the evidence that the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil was still producing its poisonous fruit…
With that in mind…
…as once again, the curtain rises on our next episode. About thirteen years have passed since the end of our previous episode—meaning that it has been at least thirteen years since Abram has been visited by God—something our off-stage Narrator makes us aware us as this scene opens…
Script #5 for Biopic #1
Cast: Narrator God Abram
Narrator: When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him…
God: I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless. And I will make My Covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.
Narrator: Then Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying…
God: As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you. And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you. Also I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
As for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised; and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you. He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised, every male child in your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not your descendant. He who is born in your house and he who is bought with your money must be circumcised, and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. And the uncircumcised male child, who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.
As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. And I will bless her and also give you a son by her; then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall be from her.
Narrator: Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed, and said in his heart, “Shall a child be born to a man who is one hundred years old? And shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?” And Abraham said to God…
Abraham: Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!
God: No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time next year.
Narrator: Then He finished talking with him, and God went up from Abraham. So Abraham took Ishmael his son, all who were born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very same day, as God had said to him.
Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. That very same day Abraham was circumcised, and his son Ishmael; and all the men of his house, born in the house or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
With that, Episode #5 comes to a close, leaving us to launch our Review of this latest encounter between God and Abram.
To help us better understand the significance of this episode, let’s look at these three important aspects of it…
The Interlude of Silence
The Clarified Terms of the Covenant
The Sign of Covenant
The Interlude of Silence
- Why do you think God waited for 13 years before making another appearance?
He may have been waiting for Ishmael to reach what was then considered to be the age of maturity. In doing so, He would be keeping the promise He had made to Hagar as well as taking care of Abram’s descendant whom He had promised to bless.
- What do you think was going on in Abram’s life during this period?
More than likely, life was going on as usual. Abram would have been attending to his business interests, Sarai would probably have still been resentful of Hagar, Hagar would have been caring for her son while still serving Sarai, and Ishmael would have been growing up into a young man.
- Where do you think Abram was spiritually at this time?
He probably thought that he was okay spiritually. The fact that he hadn’t had another visit from God in thirteen years may have encouraged him to believe that his and Sarai’s plan to obtain a child through Hagar was God’s way of providing him with a son.
- What do you think Abram’s state of mind was concerning Ismael during this time?
When God showed up to renew the covenant and told Abram that He was going to bless Sarai with a son, Abram didn’t believe it and asked Him to bless Ishmael. This would seem to indicate that Abram had been operating under the delusion that Ishmael was his promised son and rightful heir.
The Clarified Terms of the Covenant
In renewing His Covenant with Abram, the first matter that God addressed was the names of the parties involved in the contract. This was important because in those days, a person’s name was more than just a form of identification, it also provided some insight into his character—with his name denoting or revealing a quality unique to that person. So, before implementing the covenant, God revised the names on the contract in order to reflect a change or new insight into the nature of each of its participants…
- For God—Previously in Scripture, God had revealed Himself through a variety of names…
- Elohim, in Genesis 1:1—as the Creator God who is Plural in Person but Singular in Purpose;
- Jehovah/Yahweh, in Genesis 2:4—The Lord, the I AM—the Eternal, Unchanging, Self-Existent, Covenantal God of Revelation and Redemption;
- Adonai, in Genesis 15:4—The Lord, the Sovereign God;
- El Elyon, in Genesis 14:18—The Most High God—the God above all gods; and,
- El Roi, in Genesis 16:13—The God Who Sees Me, ever watchful, ever caring.
Here, in Genesis 17:1, He reveals a new aspect of His Character through the name of El Shaddai—The All-Sufficient One, the Over-Powerer who is able to overcome every obstacle–even the deadness of Sarai’s womb–and achieve all of His Purposes.
- For Abram—the one who had previously been known as the Exalted Father, would now be known as Abraham—the Father of a Multitude.
- For Sarai—whose name meant Princess, as Sarah, she would from then on be known as My Princess.
- For God—this would be an Everlasting Covenant, with all the Land of Canaan being given as an Everlasting Possession to Abraham and his descendants—descendants from whom future Nations and Kings would arise.
- For Abraham—he and his descendants must keep the covenant, with the Circumcision of every male child at eight days of age serving as the sign of their pledge to do so.
- For Sarah—she would give birth to a son of her own and through him she would become the mother of Nations and Kings.
- For Ishmael—although he was not the son of promise, God would make him fruitful, with Twelve Princes and a Great Nation coming from him.
The Sign of the Covenant
- What did circumcision signify?
- As a blood sacrifice, it was to be a reminder of one’s need for redemption and a sign that a person belonged to God;
- In the cutting away of the flesh, it was to be a mark of one’s separation from the world, as well as a sign of sexual purity and the dedication of one’s children to God; and,
- It was a visual reminder that the terms of the covenant were still in force.
- In what way was Circumcision unique for the Israelites?
In the other cultures where circumcision was practiced, it was usually performed when a boy reached the age of puberty and it served as his rite of passage into manhood. In Israel, however, it signified that an infant had transitioned from being a child of Adam to being a member of the God’s Covenant People. Later, after the Law had been given to the people through Moses, it also meant that he would have access to the Torah.
- What was significant about the 8th day?
In Leviticus 12:2, we learn that when a woman had given birth to a male child, she was considered unclean for seven days afterward. On the eight day, both she and the child would be considered ceremonially clean.
- Did circumcision make a person Righteous before God? Was Abraham made righteous through circumcision?
No, for according to Romans 4:11-12, Abraham…
…received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
And, in Romans 2:28-29, we are told that…
…he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.
- What would be a counterpart to circumcision in the New Covenant?
Baptism would be its counterpart in the New Covenant. Like Circumcision, Baptism does not save a person or make him righteous before God—it is simply the outward sign that an inward decision to trust God for Salvation has taken place.
Having examined these important aspects of this episode, let’s use what we have learned to answer the all-important questions of…
- What Life Lessons can we take away from this episode in Abraham’s life?
When God promises to do something, He will do it. It won’t happen according to our schedule or timing, but at a time in keeping with His overall plans and purposes. Any attempts on our parts to “help” hurry the process along will only lead to sorrow and a further delay of our hopes.
- What Contributions does this part of his story make to God’s One Big Story of Redemption?
As we shall see in upcoming episodes, God’s rejection of Ishmael and His provision of a son through Sarah will provide Abraham and all of his descendants with an incredible prophetic picture of their coming Messiah and our Savior, Jesus Christ.
- What Revelations of God does this episode give us?
In the revelation of God as El Shaddai, the All-Sufficient One, we are assured that no matter what obstacles we may encounter or how impossible the situations are that we find ourselves in, God is able to overcome them all and keep the promises He has made to us.
 Michael Fishbane, Judaism,